Air Injection Bypass Valve Solenoid Connector (3) Dome Lights and Bulbs (4). 4) Disconnect the 3 cables and then loosen the cruise control cable bolt. See Test 3 on page 88. 5-2013 Dodge Cummins Another product from Fleece Performance built out of necessity is the Coolant Bypass kit. The four wires are; 02 sensor output, 02 sensor ground, 12 volt heater feed, and heater ground. p00c1 turbocharger / supercharger bypass valve "b" control circuit low g g g m p00e0 charge air cooler coolant temperature sensor circuit low g g g *. You can always get another valve later and then put it back the way it was. Even with regular flushes, there are crevices that cant be flushed 100%. 05Taco4x4 , Mar 19, 2019 #7. Engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor circuit malfunction -voltage low: Wiring short circuit to ground: P1115: Engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor circuit malfunction -voltage high: Wiring open circuit, ground lead defective: P1116: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Signal Unstable Or Intermittent: P1117. The only thing I can see wrong is the reservoir cap will. I have not taken it back do to distrust to the mechanic. Release the clamp and disconnect the coolant hose. Low Coolant Sensor Bypass Discussion in 'Kenworth Forum' started by Curtster122, Jul 29, 2012. Check the coolant temperature sensor at the top of the engine. I'd try a 180 degree thermostat and look at improvements to you heater if you want more output there this winter. The ECU controls the wastegate based on a manifold pressure sensor behind behind the compressor. First, ensure the coolant level is not too high and the expulsion is not due to normal expansion. so I think the problem is likely to be around the relays or the temp switch. 22: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Voltage High. A faulty coolant sensor can also prevent the PCM from going into closed loop as the engine warms up. The turbine shaft speed sensor in the turbo center section can fail and cause this code. As the coolant temperature increases, wax pellets inside the temperature control elements expand, pushing the element. Look down the items listed and see if anything ring a bell. Engine Coolant Temperature sensor location for the 4. Curtster122 Bobtail Member. If it gets dirty, it may cause the lamp to come on when the coolant level is actually ok. Some this pin goes to trans only, some harnesses, there is a splice, and this pin goes to coolant temp sensor AND transmission. Install the mounting bolts securing coolant line clips to the fuel filter module and oil/coolant filter module. What could be better than a high-quality Toyota Tundra Coolant Bypass Line offered with an amazing low price guarantee? Oxygen Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 1. After a few minutes when I shift into drive then it comes on and stay on. In some cases the PCM uses the reading from the sensor to turn on the electric cooling fan if so equipped. P0113 IAT Sensor; P0115 ECT (Engine Coolant Temperature) Sensor P0228 Accelerator Pedal Position Sensor; P0245 Supercharger Bypass Valve Control Solenoid Valve. P1578 BBV Sensor Circuit Low Vacuum. Overseas customers should validate the coolant level sensor plug is the same as the female pigtail provided by the pictures shown below before ordering if for an Ampera. Some times it will be months in between it coming back on. servicing, external coolant leaks, coolant leak in the EGR cooler, coolant leaking into the cylinders, coolant leak in a charge air cooler, and coolant leak in the aftertreatment injector. radiator drain. This is easily. As nice of a feature as the coolant sensor is, it can sometimes stop working. Buildup in the engine block cooling channels can make it difficult for coolant to travel. My engineer had done this to my throttle when I oversized the engine. There is no gauge and with sensor disconnection the PCM is in default mode causing the fan to run continuously. It might be time for some brave soul to take the next bold step and set up a bypass that includes the Coolant Temperature, so both Coolant Temp and Intake Air Temp sensor inputs to the ECU are simulated for startup. The only time it goes wonky is when the coolant level gets low. HOW TO DIAGNOSE AND REPAIR OXYGEN SENSOR. Passenger Seat Occupancy Recognition Sensor is a very common problem with airbag system in BMW. Engine Sensor Coolant temperature sensor is not working properly. 22: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Voltage Low. The sensor should ohm between 600-1200 ohms across its two wires. I've added fresh coolant, it all looks clean in there, but the problem persists. The coolant in your car helps to maintain the engine’s temperature. One of the coolant hoses for this plate connects to a nipple on top of the intake manifold, near the the coolant temperature sensor. Sometimes it will go away after turning the car off and staring it again, other times it will be on for a week. Customer Review Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Note: The images shown are for illustrative purposes only and may not reflect the actual picture. If you do fill it to the top, it'll spill over once the water heats up and expands (and the proper coolant is toxic so you really don't want it all over your engine). The filters are mounted on the passenger-side framerail and. As the thermostat begins to open, it allows some coolant to flow to the radiator, where it is cooled. Hope this is relevant and helpful. P0178 - Fuel Composition Sensor. P1350 Fuel level sensor B Intermittent/Bypass line monitor / SID 801 – Pre/Post heating relay circuit – Short or Open circuit, including Pre-Heat plugs. Apr 23, 2017. Manifold Air Temperature Moderately High. On 3 wire sensors, the 02 sensor grounds through its case and doesn’t require a seperate ground wire. 100mV to 600mV) then it's time to replace the catalytic converter. Install a 3A fused jumper wire between the signal circuit terminal and ground. Easy to use parts catalog. With the sensors probe in coolant, the circuit should be closed, with the probes out of coolant the sensor should read open. As you know intake gaskets are common failure points as well as the plastic coolant elbows on the belt tensioner. 5-2013 Dodge Cummins Another product from Fleece Performance built out of necessity is the Coolant Bypass kit. This hose will. Guaranteed Fitment Always the correct part. Install the coolant cap. The (IAT) sensor can be damaged by backfiring of the engine. The only adjustment is idle control, and this too is factory set. OXYGEN SENSOR (O2) The Oxygen Sensor is one of the key sensors in the car system. P1580 Cruise Move Circuit Low Voltage - Read Our Article on Automotive Circuit Testing For Help With This Pontiac Check Engine. Coolant Bypass Valve. Price: No parts for vehicles in selected markets. The ECT is a thermistor (an electrical resistor whose resistance is greatly reduced by heating) and is located in a coolant passage in the cylinder head. HOW TO DIAGNOSE AND REPAIR OXYGEN SENSOR. Discard the clamp. 2 cm) oxygen sensor socket. As the engine warms up near normal operating temperature, the ECU closes the solenoid to restore the normal hot idle rpm setting. 2L engine Access our Audi Cars 1999-05Engine Coolant Temperature (ECT) Sensor Repair Guide3. Check oasis, no related SMS or tab. DO NOT proceed further with this bulletin. Well the low coolant light runs off the sensor you mention on the radiator itself. my understanding is that the air bypass. 24 VSS (Vehicle Speed Sensor) Circuit Fault. P1350 Fuel level sensor B Intermittent/Bypass line monitor / SID 801 – Pre/Post heating relay circuit – Short or Open circuit, including Pre-Heat plugs. DORMAN 9245506 {#25174715, 64MT466}. Low engine coolant High engine coolant temperature Low engine oil pressure High engine RPM Low hydrostatic fluid pressure High hydrostatic fluid temperature Glow Plug Operation: Automatically determines glow plug time by sensing engine coolant temperature. trol Bypass IAC Solenold 0 X - Injector Canister Purge Solenold Fuel Pressure Regulator Control Solenold Valve X X 0 Fuel Injectlon Amount 0 0 0 Idle Air Co Bypass Alr Valve X X X Fuel Injectlon Tlmlng 0 X X I Oxyoen Sensor IoIxIxIx~Io I o I Throttle Position Senaor Engine Coolant Temperature Senaor Volume Air Temperature Senaor. This can cause excessive heat, resulting in oil becoming too hot and thin and potentially damaging the whole system. The sensor is only for water LEVEL and not overheat. The check engine light will stay on but should keep it from shutting down. After new sensor is in place, you can snip a corner off the bag, and let caught coolant flow back into open reservoir. is their a way I can check the sensor under the throttle body a sensor that was not used for almost 19 years. (These include the floor mat pushed up against the pedal, a misadjusted throttle cable, or a misadjusted cruise control actuator assembly). Air Injection Bypass Valve Solenoid Connector (3) Dome Lights and Bulbs (4). When there is no coolant in contact with the sensor , the sensor offers a different amount of resistance. A code 15 indicates the coolant temp reading is lower than expected. Diagnostic codes seem to indicate problems with the low coolant level sensor. Take note to properly store engine coolant. P1578 BBV Sensor Circuit Low Vacuum. Common causes: Low engine coolant level. Threw my first CEL today (cherry has been popped for this one) and got the code read from my local Autozone. The water pump circulates coolant through the crankcase and cylinder head passages. No worries with loosing coolant cause you have on the drain hose and the coolant cap. Without patching your leak, your engine might overheat, causing irreparable damage to other parts of your vehicle. Install the coolant cap. Continue reading. This product is designed and tested to ensure the ultimate in durability and. I find it hard to believe both ca. Coolant Level: Logically, if the temperature sensor isn’t submerged in coolant, such as an air pocket or low coolant level, it can’t detect coolant temperature. Engine Sensor Coolant temperature sensor is not working properly. The oxygen sensor cable will have one or two clips that hold the O2 sensor wire. You will need an Ohmeter,. Fluid obviously wicked its way around the engine via the harness to the ECM, and it does in fact terminate in the plug in question. A code that indicates a low MAF signal may be set by various problems. Low coolant is dangerous to the engine as the coolant is what keeps the engine from overheating during normal operation, so it is imperative to replace the coolant level sensor if it is failing. 03+ is totally different. Low engine coolant High engine coolant temperature Low engine oil pressure High engine RPM Low hydrostatic fluid pressure High hydrostatic fluid temperature Glow Plug Operation: Automatically determines glow plug time by sensing engine coolant temperature. Engine Coolant Temp Sensor : High coolant temp - WARNING. Ambient air sensor. 8 Chevy engine How To: Replace an air conditioning compressor in an Explorer How To: Remove a throttle body from a car How To: Bleed air out of your car's brake system. The pressure traducer on the compressor determines that. Add to Compare. Kit includes: Fabricated tank; Low coolant sensor; Hoses and clamps needed to tie into factory hoses; HSP part number: 030-HSP. Barometric Pressure Sensor Problem. If you're looking for another spot to get an accurate reading, put a tee in line at the No1 bypass or swap a sensor for the coolant drain cock on the passenger side of block. so before i take apart my dash and smash the bulb. Installation works by coil sensor. The fact that the upper radiator hose is hot, and the lower one is cool, can be misleading -- the function of the radiator is to remove heat from the coolant, so the return line to the engine at the bottom should be significantly cooler than the hose coming from the. Install a 3A fused jumper wire between the signal circuit terminal and ground. It involves clearing off and removing both layers of the intake manifold. Re-connect the top radiator hose. The (IAT) sensor can be damaged by backfiring of the engine. ^ Light is out - Proceed to Step 5. By comparing the measurement results with visual observations, the operability of the sensor was confirmed. Coolant Level: Logically, if the temperature sensor isn’t submerged in coolant, such as an air pocket or low coolant level, it can’t detect coolant temperature. 2 cm) oxygen sensor socket. Just wondering how these work? I think i will still be checking the coolant level on a daily basis!. Alarm 956 APC Lift Frame Up Timeout: The H-frame up sensor was not contacted before the timeout period. Your low coolant sensor is in the radiator and reacts to that coolant level. The sensor is actually an integrated part of the entire coolant reservoir. I did replace the reservoir (Used one from the junk yard off a 03 deville). Coolant Level Sensor, Detroit Diesel Series 60; Low Prices Price match guarantee. Changing the knock sensor is not a quick operation, nor a task for the mind. If water is present in the expansion tank, and the low coolant lamp is on, then the sensor is "fouled". Knowing type. My low coolant warning comes on whenever the temperature of the coolant is below about 190 deg. 22: Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Voltage High. Page 14 CO m PO nEn T LOC ATI On S Top of Engine 1) High Pressure Turbocharger 2) Low Pressure Turbocharger 3) Turbocharger Oil Supply Line 4) EGR Valve Coolant Supply Port 5) EGR Valve Coolant Return Port/Deaeration Port 6) EGRT Outlet Sensor 7) MAP Sensor 8) IAT 2 Sensor Top of Engine 1) Oil Filter 2) Engine Mounted Fuel Filter 3) Catalyst 4. It was nothing to do with the bypass valve. Can someone point me in the direction of where the coolant temerature sensor is located on a 2012 tacoma? Need it for an sais bypass. Many Ford & Mercury models had overly sensitive level detectors. Perform KOEO test, found no codes. Learn what Engine Coolant Bypass Valve Position Sensor Circuit Low Voltage means, location and how to repair? The passenger compartment heater coolant control valve regulates the engine coolant flow into the cabin heater loop depending on engine coolant. Now, in case you wondering if this test applies to your specific vehicle, this article covers the MAF sensor on 1996 thru' 2005 3. A mechanical link, connected to the heat sensor, opens the thermostat valve. If I bypass the CTS with a 1K ohm resistor then the high speen fan c. Probably need to drain the overflow to change it. haven't mounted it yet though, mainly for lack of a Round Tuit. The low coolant light comes on and goes off by itself randomly in my car. Refer to Coolant Level Module Replacement in the Engine Cooling sub-section. NEW OEM Genuine Nissan coolant thermostat bypass hose. 200 matches. When you change the coolant filter for the first time, dump it out into an empty container of some kind, I’m betting you see all kinds of shit floating in it. They replaced it and the invoice says: "Verified low fuel pressure light on. Since my last post I decided to bypass the heater core just to see if the core was the problem. Sensor Circuit Low Volts P0179 - Fuel Composition Sensor. Dodge Caliber Gas 2008, Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Connector by WVE®. The ECT is a thermistor (an electrical resistor whose resistance is greatly reduced by heating) and is located in a coolant passage in the cylinder head. To overcome this, some cars have a viscous coupling a fluid clutch worked by a temperature sensitive valve that uncouples the fan until the coolant temperature reaches a set point. The sensor operates as a typical three wire sensor which has a 5-Volt Supply circuit, Signal circuit, and Return circuit. New coolant temp sensor will be green. P0427 Catalyst Temperature Sensor Low Input (Bank 1) P1116 Engine Coolant sensor out of range/ECT Sensor Out Of Self Test Range P1525 Air Bypass Valve System. Set your DMM to the Ohms scale. However, if just the sensor is bad, you can also try unplugging the sensor at the coolant reservoir bottle. Maybe from 2007 Esteem onwards they eliminated this in the G13B engine which also powered the Swift. Luckily, nipping an automobile coolant leak in the bud before it has a chance to cause further damage is relatively straightforward, even for novice car owners. my understanding is that the air bypass. I replaced the part myself. If very possible the low coolant sensor is worn out and causing the problem, if the coolant level is normal. When the coolant or CHT is below a certain temperature, which is now user programmable, the ECU commands the solenoid to open and bypass aditional air past the throttle plate to increase idle speed. Torque: 89 lb. This is one of the sensors in the Monte Carlo that you cannot reset manually. Unfortunately the water temp sensor isn't the quickest indication of these things. The TPS code for low voltage is the most common and will usually set if the TPS is out of adjustment or the sensor has failed. Coolant Level Sensor 1 Circuit – Voltage Above Normal or Shorted to High Source Coolant Level Sensor 1 Circuit – Choice Coolant Level Sensor 1 Circuit – Voltage Below Normal or Shorted to Low Source Coolant Level Sensor 1 Circuit – Voltage Below Normal or Shorted to Low Source Coolant Level Low – Data Valid but Below Normal. so from what people tell me its a busted thermostat. New engine temperature coolant sensor. 24: No 5 Volts To Throttle Position Sensor. 100mV to 600mV) then it's time to replace the catalytic converter. Now, in case you wondering if this test applies to your specific vehicle, this article covers the MAF sensor on 1996 thru' 2005 3. Expect to pay about $100 for coolant leak repair, and more if it has been leaking for a while. A faulty coolant sensor can also prevent the PCM from going into closed loop as the engine warms up. When voltage from the engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor is very low or high, this code will be triggered. The real problem could be overlooked. In most vehicles, CL fuel mode will occur only when loads are low to moderate, Throttle Position (TP) is below a set value, and coolant/ air temperatures are above a programmed minimum value. Now i have found the leak. p00c1 turbocharger / supercharger bypass valve "b" control circuit low g g g m p00e0 charge air cooler coolant temperature sensor circuit low g g g *. I have a 2001 Hyundai Grandeur V6 , in the last few months , the abs and check engine light has been coming on at intervals , I took the car into a mechanical shop to check and they told me it came up with fault codes c1200 & c1611 re the abs and p0340 , p0335 and p1159 re the check engine , they said to notify them if they reappear , within a few days both reappeared at intervals , when the. Installation is controlled by an alternative sensor. 7L V8 HEMI MDS V. 23 MAT (Manifold Air Temperature) Low Temperature Indicated. This activates the low coolant sensor located at the top of the radiator and alerts you that your coolant level is lower than it should be. I can get another one from Spartan, but due to traveling, I'm not sure a new part will catch up with me before I've drive several hundred more miles and someone told me I'm risking engine shutdown if not replaced in the near term. It does not report to the PCM and no DTC's will be set. There is NO timing adjustment for the LT1. Unplugging it will turn the light off. Fleece Performance Engineering is a leading manufacturer of aftermarket diesel performance products. Temperature reading high. Remove the radiator drain plug, drain, and replace. He mentioned that if there is coolant in the tranny, it's just a matter of time before it's game over. Low Fuel Pressure Sensor Circuit General electrical fault P253912 Low Fuel Pressure Sensor Circuit Circuit Short to Battery Voltage P253913 Low Fuel Pressure Sensor Circuit Open circuit P255601 Engine Coolant Level Sensor / Relay General electrical fault P255611 Engine Coolant Level Sensor / Relay Short to ground P255612. Order Coolant By-Pass Pipe for your vehicle and pick it up in store—make your purchase, find a store near you, and get directions. servicing, external coolant leaks, coolant leak in the EGR cooler, coolant leaking into the cylinders, coolant leak in a charge air cooler, and coolant leak in the aftertreatment injector. P2184 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 2 Circuit Low P2185 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 2 Circuit High P2186 Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor 2 Circuit Intermittent/Erratic P2187 System Too Lean at Idle - Bank 1 P2188 System Too Rich at Idle - Bank 1 P2189 System Too Lean at Idle - Bank 2 P2190 System Too Rich at Idle - Bank 2. Throttle Position Sensor This sensor is mounted on the throttle body and electronically senses how far the throttle is open and then sends this data to the ECU. Probably need to drain the overflow to change it. The other hole in the coolant crossover is unused and has a metal plug in it. How To: FIx a leaking coolant bypass tube on a 3. If you get a sensor from the dealer it will have some red sealer on the threads that makes it ready to install. On 3 wire sensors, the 02 sensor grounds through its case and doesn't require a seperate ground wire. Low engine coolant High engine coolant temperature Low engine oil pressure High engine RPM Low hydrostatic fluid pressure High hydrostatic fluid temperature Glow Plug Operation: Automatically determines glow plug time by sensing engine coolant temperature. Install and connect the coolant line from the air compressor, fuel filter and oil/coolant filter module. The Coolant Temp Sensor is easily accessible, but it does mean another wire to splice into. Your 2002 Buick Century includes a radiator coolant sensor. Having the reservoir out of the car and measuring the resistance then turning it upside down and measuring it again should result in readings similar to a toggle switch, micro switch, etc. 1985-1989 COOLING FAN SWITCH INSTALLATION. I ponded on where coolant level sensor is but could not figure it out with limited research I have done. 23: Intake Air Temperature Sensor Voltage Low. 23: Intake Air Temperature Sensor Voltage High. Replacement hose kit for Coolant Bypass Valve All 9-5 owners in the US market know the Coolant By-Pass Valve is a failure prone part. I was told to get a rubber hammer and tap it a few times because the sensor on the inside sticks. Throttle body heater bypass Cold air induction kits work pretty well but you need to do your homework first. You first step would be to purchase a repair manual for the vehicle so you know which wires are which and have a diagram of the circuit. ECU 000110. Engine Coolant Level Sensor O-Ring; Engine Coolant Water Bypass Gasket; Engine Coolant Water Crossover Mounting Set; Your prices are low enough. All options were considered without bias until the evaluation regarding technical feasibility, cost and human factors could be completed. When I start the engine it doesn't come on. As the thermostat begins to open, it allows some coolant to flow to the radiator, where it is cooled. Check the coolant temperature sensor at the top of the engine. I can get another one from Spartan, but due to traveling, I'm not sure a new part will catch up with me before I've drive several hundred more miles and someone told me I'm risking engine shutdown if not replaced in the near term. (These include the floor mat pushed up against the pedal, a misadjusted throttle cable, or a misadjusted cruise control actuator assembly). i was haveing a problem with my coolant temp sensor. Coolant Level Sensor: Cooling System > Sender / Sensor > Coolant Level Sensor. Engine running, verify the low coolant indicator turns OFF. Kit includes: Fabricated tank; Low coolant sensor; Hoses and clamps needed to tie into factory hoses; HSP part number: 030-HSP. It drains out the coolant very quickly and there is likely to be a puddle of coolant under the vehicle, so the problem is easy to spot. P1350 Fuel level sensor B Intermittent/Bypass line monitor / SID 801 – Pre/Post heating relay circuit – Short or Open circuit, including Pre-Heat plugs. Price: No parts for vehicles in selected markets. It is held onto the radiator by a metal retaining clip. Most engine swappers discard these components and plug their holes. If the thermostat is open, coolant is directed to the radiator. Continue to fill system with distilled water until it is visible at thermostat housing. The biggest reason for coolant in the overflow tank and not in the radiator is a failed radiator cap or coolant recovery hose between the radiator neck and the bottom of the coolant recovery tank. I replaced and all other sensored read within specs. Inlet Manifold Pressure Sensor. This would bypass the throttle body and collector, but maintain the coolant in the lower manifold. New O-Rings on the injectors. I find it hard to believe both ca. High discharge pressure. Unfortunately the water temp sensor isn't the quickest indication of these things. It was the low fuel pressure switch they say. Simply unplugging the sensor and jumpering the two harness pins together will allow you to continue using the truck. I do have my truck back. The sensor is integral to the bottle, so, I purchased a new bottle for. One of the most common symptoms of a faulty coolant level sensor is a Coolant Level Light that stays on. lead to illumination of the coolant warning lamp by the low level sensor located in the coolant reservoir. my low coolant light is on in my dash. is their a way I can check the sensor under the throttle body a sensor that was not used for almost 19 years. my service engine light came on and i checked the code and it was 15. P0178 - Fuel Composition Sensor. A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system. i have the fleece coolant bypass. Coolant Level Sensor (CLS) - The CL sensor monitors the level of the coolant in the radiator surge tank. • If the coolant level is not visible in the degas bottle, add coolant as necessary, and proceed to Step 2. sensor, clean any film off of it, and place the probe portion into a pot, half-filled with water, on the stove. my Check coolant level light comes on the car is not leaking antifreeze nor is it low on antifreeze. Shorting the connector sends 12v to the bcm to leave the coolant light off, an open circuit turns on the indicator or lack of 12v sent to the bcm. 98 Sensor Trim tab sensor is not working. Buy W Coolant on eBay now! Honda Acura Genuine. This adapter is machined from alloy billet with black anodised coating, and includes stainless steel hose clamps so as you can install your aftermarket 1/8"npt sensor without drilling and tapping. Oddly enough, the belt tensioner on these engines has coolant running thru it. I'd try a 180 degree thermostat and look at improvements to you heater if you want more output there this winter. 04 Quicksilver GTO-Don's. or could it be the connection. Common causes: Low engine coolant level. Going to watch it a while before I go to the trouble of yanking the intake and replacing a $58 sensor. This product helps to prevent trips to the dealership when the battery coolant sensor in the Chevy Volt malfunctions and causes a permanent check engine light code to be. There is NO timing adjustment for the LT1. Disconnect the sensor that needs to be replaced from wiring harness and unthread it from the unit. Even with regular flushes, there are crevices that cant be flushed 100%. The sensor is in the radiator reservoir at the fill line. If coolant is present, the EGR coolers need to be removed and bench tested. How the AC works in Ford Escape. The truck runs just fine. This kit comes with all the ports on your stock coolant tank so that you do not have to remove coolant hoses to make your custom-made coolant tank a direct. Sensor Circuit Low Volts P0179 - Fuel Composition Sensor. Apr 13, 2017. coolant enters the valve at the bottom. I lost a little coolant in the process, but topped the reservoir off after I completed the installation of the new part. Add To Cart. Passenger Seat Occupancy Recognition Sensor is a very common problem with airbag system in BMW. ^ Light is on - Replace the low coolant sensor and re-check system operation. As an example: if you have 3 motion sensors and each motion sensor is rated for a maximum of 500 watts then the total amount of wattage that you can turn on is 500 watts – not 1500 watts. With connection the fan, as far as I can ascertain, only runs when the air con is switched on. Sensor has no moving parts to wear, break or cause nuisance tripping; Visual flow indication reads in GPM or LPM; Visual temperature indication reads in degrees F or C; User programmable: Leak rate alarm, response time, restart delay, flow OK level, temperature fault level and minimum flow monitoring; Bypass - Electrical & Mechanical. High coolant temp - DERATE : Diagnostic. Refer to Coolant Level Module Replacement in the Engine Cooling sub-section. I have taken the tube and sensor out and cleaned all the carbon deposits, actually the whole tube and sensor was pritty clean. Yesterday the same thing, but I was pulling into a parking lot as the air started blowing hot and after I turned off the truck I heard the hissing and saw coolant under the truck. (coolant tank on top of engine) Tech only found the TSB as it was attached to the sensor part. 13 111 -- 4 Coolant Level Sensor Input Voltage Low 18 72 -- 4 Blower Bypass Position Input Voltage Low 18 354 — 4 Relative Humidity Sensor Circuit Failed Low. If the "Low Coolant" light in your Chevrolet Monte Carlo goes on, you need to fill your radiator before it will turn off. CTS - Coolant Temperature Sensor CV - Constant Velocity LPS - Low Pressure Sensor LR - Left Rear SideWall tension Sensor TAB - Thermactor Air Bypass (replaced. 0L Engine by creating an account or signing into your AutoZone Rewards account. Hold the tank in this position and pull off the lower hose. The car ran fine for a while (a day or two), but it now seems to idle really low, it usually stalls if i dont rev it up a little when i fire it up. Also just food for thought but GM sets the fans to turn on at temps that are too hot for my liking. In most cases, this is a quick and inexpensive fix. Installation works by coil sensor. If you disconnect the circuit , the ecm sees it as a circuit problem , not a low coolant level , therefore , you should. Using a small wire brush or emery cloth, polish the low coolant level sensor probe to remove any film or oxidation. P2183 = Coolant temperature sensor (F566) - Temperature unlikely P2184 = Coolant temperature sensor 2 - ECU pin C19 signal voltage too low P2185 = Coolant temperature sensor 2 - ECU pin C19 signal voltage too high P2199 = Humidity sensor (F852) - Air temperature before compressor out of range at ignition key on. 132ivs Accelerator Position Sensor Circuit 132sss Accelerator Position Sensor Circuit 135 Oil Pressure Sensor Circuit 141 Oil Pressure Sensor Circuit 143 Oil Pressure - Engine Protection 144 Coolant Temperature Sensor Circuit 145 Coolant Temperature Sensor Circuit 151 Coolant Temperature - Engine Protection. ^ Light is on - Replace the low coolant sensor and re-check system operation. Can anyone explain the the process of trouble shooting this? How does one ground out a sensor to bypass it? I have also heard there is a way to bypass this shutdown feature at the relay?. Knowing type. 5-2013 Dodge Cummins Another product from Fleece Performance built out of necessity is the Coolant Bypass kit. Remove thermostat housing. A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system. The first example indicates an exhaust coolant temperature overheat alarm, which sounds 2 beeps per minute, reduces available power to 90% and would test as a sensor open circuit with an ohm meter. Add to Compare. Oil pan coated with POR-15. 22 - Coolant sensor voltage low. Now, in case you wondering if this test applies to your specific vehicle, this article covers the MAF sensor on 1996 thru' 2005 3. This is out of my shop manual. The coolant, however, heats up normally. so from what people tell me its a busted thermostat. Ensure coolant temperature has cooled to at least 40 °C (104 °F), and drain coolant to appropriate level below affected sensor. Coolant bypass mod. Low coolant levels: If the coolant tube or bypass tube is broken, more often than not it will leak coolant and reduce the level of coolant inside the radiator. Last night on my way home from work i started it up to a low coolant light, few minutes later it went away. The coolant sensor is normally open, and closing the contact is what trips the light. You can always get another valve later and then put it back the way it was. On my wife's 95, there is an Engine Coolant Temp Sensor on the top left side of the water bypass tube. properly stored coolant will still be hot enough to scald you after an overnight sit. Pillar pod-o-gauges, Warn Premium Hubs, AIS, Fumoto, Edge 3” leveling kit on the front (with adjustable track bar), 4” blocks on the rear, Eaton Posi, Bilstein 5100s and 285 X 75 X 16 BFG MTs all around. When there is no coolant in contact with the sensor , the sensor offers a different amount of resistance. 2) Flush and clean the coolant passages with a detergent and refill with fresh coolant 3) Drain and flush transmission fluid. The sensor allows the correct position of the waste gate to be determined and allows any excess exhaust gases to bypass the turbocharger thereby preventing excessive manifold pressures at low density altitudes. 0 PowerStroke engine may exhibit coolant loss, low coolant, or coolant blowing out of the degas bottle. Simply cut the wire to the trans AT THE splice if this is the case. By relaying the throttle position, it. All options were considered without bias until the evaluation regarding technical feasibility, cost and human factors could be completed. All it does is allow the A/C to be cooler by blocking coolant flow through the heater core when you use the A/C. The level sensors work for the most part and stop engines when the actual level falls. Low Coolant Level Sensor Diagnostic codes seem to indicate problems with the low coolant level sensor. Replacement helps prevent overheating and possible engine damage. Remove the EGR temperature sensor from the reed valve housing and disconnect the sensor wiring harness where it is attached with cable ties to the reed valve housing mounting bracket. This forum rocks so show your support and. The Mass Air flow sensor is back in 94 andi s one of the primary sensors for fuel control. This test will help you check the condition of this wire. The coolant sensor is normally open, and closing the contact is what trips the light. I have a 2001 Hyundai Grandeur V6 , in the last few months , the abs and check engine light has been coming on at intervals , I took the car into a mechanical shop to check and they told me it came up with fault codes c1200 & c1611 re the abs and p0340 , p0335 and p1159 re the check engine , they said to notify them if they reappear , within a few days both reappeared at intervals , when the. Unplug the harness (as show in the second picture below) Use utility knife or scissors and cut the yellow type open (BE CAREFUL-Not to cut the wires!!!!) Inside the yellow type there is another layer of black type, cut that open as well (again, BE CAREFUL Not to cut the wires!!!). It is recommend that you use a 1/4-inch ratchet with a long socket on it so you don't torque it too much. With the sensors probe in coolant, the circuit should be closed, with the probes out of coolant the sensor should read open. Simply unplugging it prevents any contact from ever closing it. First step, make sure the cooling system is NOT hot! Open the reservoir aka (expansion tank) cap to relieve the pressure. A similar feature to all options was the inclusion of an orifice located in the bypass, adequately sized to simulate the pressure drop of the CCAA/CHX. All other sensors are the same except that the TPS is no longer adjustable. The OBD code of 52 can mean that your 4Runner’s knock sensor has failed. If low, check for leakge and add Toyota Super Long Life Coolant or similar high quality ethylene glycol based non-silicate, non-amine, non-nitrite, and non-borate coolant with long-life hybrid organic acid technology up to the FULL line. The filters are mounted on the passenger-side framerail and. Can anyone explain the the process of trouble shooting this? How does one ground out a sensor to bypass it? I have also heard there is a way to bypass this shutdown feature at the relay?. Jan 29, 2011. Disconnect the wire by pulling carefully on the plastic lock and pull on the plug. Sensor Circuit High Volts Can this really effect anything? Yes, It can cause your truck to run richer then it should. Coolant level is at kat/cool. is there a certain way it should be put in or do you just unscrew the old one and screw the new one in. If water is present in the expansion tank, and the low coolant lamp is on, then the sensor is "fouled". (coolant tank on top of engine) Tech only found the TSB as it was attached to the sensor part. the vehicle/equipment for engine control and manages other vehicle/equipment functions. MINI Factory replacement OEM Coolant Temperature sensor with harness - used to bypass a faulty temperature sensor that is molded into the thermostat housing. WIRES THAT ARE NOT HIGHLIGHTED REMAIN UN TOUCHED. They replaced it and the invoice says: "Verified low fuel pressure light on. This is easily. but after a week it was still there. Secondly, the computer is programed not to go into closed loop operation until the coolant temperature sensor tells the computer the engine is. The REDARC Voltage Sensor is a voltage sensitive relay module for a 12 volt systems. HOW TO DIAGNOSE AND REPAIR OXYGEN SENSOR. LTL coolant around the CCAA/CHX and through the bypass. The coolant level sensor offers a specific resistance to the circuit when there is coolant in contact with the sensor. Now, I had read in some older posts that it WAS possible to bypass this pressure sensor. sensor, clean any film off of it, and place the probe portion into a pot, half-filled with water, on the stove. Getting the screw-in ring off was the easy part! I have had some long running coolant loss for the last month or two so this weekend I thought I'd go and pull the sensor out and (by sticking my finger in the opening and feeling around) I have left behind the float +magnet and some sort of black pla. Pull the coolant outlet pipe away from the cooler, leaving the connecting membrane in the EGR cooler boss. The temps would be like 113 then next thing I knew the logger was reading -155 or something. The other hole in the coolant crossover is unused and has a metal plug in it. Some this pin goes to trans only, some harnesses, there is a splice, and this pin goes to coolant temp sensor AND transmission. If you leave the low pressure side open as in a dump valve installation, the valve will be open at idle and will create a false air leak that the fuel systems CIS Air Flow. >From a cold engine, without sufficient flow through the bypass line, the thermostat doesn't heat up properly--in tandem with the coolant. You first step would be to purchase a repair manual for the vehicle so you know which wires are which and have a diagram of the circuit. Running the heating lots as its so cold also robs the engine of heat, further highlighting the effect. Temperature reading low. Shorting the connector sends 12v to the bcm to leave the coolant light off, an open circuit turns on the indicator or lack of 12v sent to the bcm. lead to illumination of the coolant warning lamp by the low level sensor located in the coolant reservoir. Hope this is relevant and helpful. Figure 2 is a schematic of the wiring of 3 motion sensors to a group of lights and Figure 3 is a diagram of the actual wiring connections. 12/24V Coolant Bypass Kit To Reduce Block Pressure At High RPM. The sensor is in the radiator reservoir at the fill line. For now, your coolant leakage problem will be fixed. Jul 29, 2012 #1. Diagnostic Capabilities (By Use of Separate. Just leave it disconnected,,it will change the code from low coolant level to a open circuit in coolant sensor bypassing shutdown,,and you should be able to get some place to get new one. properly stored coolant will still be hot enough to scald you after an overnight sit. Last night on my way home from work i started it up to a low coolant light, few minutes later it went away. 04 Quicksilver GTO-Don's. Curtster122 Bobtail Member. I removed the sensor to clean and when reinstalling the sensor broke. Low Coolant Level Sensor Diagnostic codes seem to indicate problems with the low coolant level sensor. The nice thing about replacing this sensor is that you do not need to drain the coolant from the tank to perform this job as the coolant does not actually make direct contact with the sensor. I helped someone I know very well to create a low cost replacement level sensor that plugs into the connector harness the factory coolant level sensor. There’s also a bypass valve that allows water to flow through the thermostat (but not to the radiator) when the main valve is closed, so the coolant in the engine warms up uniformly and to. 361 : 110. I couldn't remember whether the non sensor units were solid plastic, or just had a rubber blank and the screw ring. Install the coolant cap. Last night on my way home from work i started it up to a low coolant light, few minutes later it went away. The temps would be like 113 then next thing I knew the logger was reading -155 or something. When voltage from the engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor is very low or high, this code will be triggered. Probable cause: 1. Dodge Caliber Gas 2008, Engine Coolant Temperature Sensor Connector by WVE®. How to Test a Coolant Temperature Sensor? Things You Should Know for Disposing of Antifreeze; 3. If not replace the sensor. All options were considered without bias until the evaluation regarding technical feasibility, cost and human factors could be completed. When there is no coolant in contact with the sensor , the sensor offers a different amount of resistance. If you leave the low pressure side open as in a dump valve installation, the valve will be open at idle and will create a false air leak that the fuel systems CIS Air Flow. my coolant levels are perfect, i have Already Changed the Low Coolant Sensor and I disconnected the battery cable to reset everything. Coolant temp sensor issues can be problematic. after a few seconds you should get an active fault code for coolant temp. Although I had a spare valve in my trunk, I felt the likelihood it would fail in my driveway on a warm sunny day for a second time was pretty low. Simply unplugging it prevents any contact from ever closing it. Instead of faulty seat sensor you can successfully use our Bypass unit. NEW OEM Genuine Nissan coolant thermostat bypass hose. Low coolant is dangerous to the engine as the coolant is what keeps the engine from overheating during normal operation, so it is imperative to replace the coolant level sensor if it is failing. If the sensor. If the indicator does not turn OFF, test the signal circuit for an open/high resistance. indication that another sensor, like the throttle position sensor or the rpm input signal is contradicting the MAF signal. Disconnect the sensor that needs to be replaced from wiring harness and unthread it from the unit. At any rate, the valve need not necessarily stop the flow altogether. Fleece Performance Engineering is a leading manufacturer of aftermarket diesel performance products. i was haveing a problem with my coolant temp sensor. inner fender. I can get another one from Spartan, but due to traveling, I'm not sure a new part will catch up with me before I've drive several hundred more miles and someone told me I'm risking engine shutdown if not replaced in the near term. My coolant light stays on. for the low temperature radiator, and an intercooler. LTL coolant around the CCAA/CHX and through the bypass. It involves clearing off and removing both layers of the intake manifold. “Perform a visual inspection of the entire engine area for coolant leaks, including both charge air coolers and the external coolant piping at the rear of the. Bank 2(P0430) had a bad sensor. That will tell you if a sensor isnt reporting the right value. You can either bypass the sensor by sliding a small piece of wire in there, or you can replace the sensor. Don't fill the expansion tank to the top - there's a fill line on it. See Figure H2. 1985-1989 COOLING FAN SWITCH INSTALLATION. The temps would be like 113 then next thing I knew the logger was reading -155 or something. 15 Coolant Sensor. Coolant & Battery Refractometer. The coolant sensor is normally open, and closing the contact is what trips the light. If you do fill it to the top, it'll spill over once the water heats up and expands (and the proper coolant is toxic so you really don't want it all over your engine). An ideal coolant has high thermal capacity, low viscosity, is low-cost, non-toxic, chemically inert and neither causes nor promotes corrosion of the cooling system. Install the coolant cap. Replaced it with a new sensor, and the light went off. Luckily, nipping an automobile coolant leak in the bud before it has a chance to cause further damage is relatively straightforward, even for novice car owners. I have read the article on this topic. The only downside is the replacement was an aftermarket brand and it doesn't trigger the light until the coolant is at a much lower level than the original sensor worked at. The MAP sensoris a backup for the mass air flow sensor. This video shows three ways to import data files into EViews 7. Remove the two wire connector from the sensor. If designed properly, the valve could simply redirect the flow to a bypass hose. The photo at right shows the thermostat housing, thermostat, and a a second coolant temperature sensor that isn't used by the fuel injection system. The coolant filter should be changed for the first time after 1 month, then 3 months, then annually. but the sensor seems to be ahead of the TB. I find it hard to believe both ca. When the coolant is low, the sensor causes a trigger to light up a warning light on the dashboard. See Test 3 on page 88. A coolant is a substance, typically liquid or gas, that is used to reduce or regulate the temperature of a system. Coolant Level Sensor: Cooling System > Sender / Sensor > Coolant Level Sensor. Low coolant levels: If the coolant tube or bypass tube is broken, more often than not it will leak coolant and reduce the level of coolant inside the radiator. In most vehicles, this is present behind the right cylinder head below the air intake pipe. Replaced it with a new sensor, and the light went off. Coolant Light stays on. I have just swapped my f for a tf and according to one invoice it has had a coolant level sensor fitted by an mg garage. The first example indicates an exhaust coolant temperature overheat alarm, which sounds 2 beeps per minute, reduces available power to 90% and would test as a sensor open circuit with an ohm meter. Pressure type sensors can let an engine run really low on oil as long as the oil pickup can get enough oil to keep the system pressurized. Customer Review Price: Low to High Price: High to Low Note: The images shown are for illustrative purposes only and may not reflect the actual picture. Once the bleeder on the expansion tank (if equipped) is flowing coolant and has been closed, fill expansion tank to the lower edge of the filler neck. OK, we have a TSB on the coolant sensor leak. Unscrew the oxygen sensor using a ratchet wrench. Perform KOEO test, found no codes. New O-Rings on the injectors. the vehicle/equipment for engine control and manages other vehicle/equipment functions. Price: No parts for vehicles in selected markets. Just wondering how these work? I think i will still be checking the coolant level on a daily basis!. this makes me so irate im about to jam a screwdriver in and break the bulb. It’s repeatable as the days of the week. 04 Quicksilver GTO-Don's. inner fender. The only thing I can see wrong is the reservoir cap will. The idea is to warm up the throttle body to prevent icing in cold weather. New coolant temp sensor will be green. (EZH) P26A6-ENGINE COOLANT BYPASS VALVE POSITION SENSOR CIRCUIT LOW For a complete wiring diagram, refer to the Wiring Information. Our heavy duty, coolant level sensor, is engineered from high-quality, corrosion-resistant materials to accurately and reliably alert the onboard computer system to low coolant levels. If you leave the low pressure side open as in a dump valve installation, the valve will be open at idle and will create a false air leak that the fuel systems CIS Air Flow. In most vehicles, CL fuel mode will occur only when loads are low to moderate, Throttle Position (TP) is below a set value, and coolant/ air temperatures are above a programmed minimum value. indication that another sensor, like the throttle position sensor or the rpm input signal is contradicting the MAF signal. Once the engine reaches operating temperature, if the vehicle is turned off, then back on again, no low coolant warning comes on. 5-2013 Dodge Cummins Another product from Fleece Performance built out of necessity is the Coolant Bypass kit. Evaporator temperature sensor. Without patching your leak, your engine might overheat, causing irreparable damage to other parts of your vehicle. Some folks put a small garbage bag under the CTS to catch the antifreeze that flows out. All other sensors are the same except that the TPS is no longer adjustable. 8L V6 equipped cars. It cannot be serviced, you can only replace the reservoir. Expect to pay about $100 for coolant leak repair, and more if it has been leaking for a while. Simply watching the coolant below the neck of the radiator can provide useful information. Other cars have an electric fan, also switched on and off by a temperature sensor. OK, we have a TSB on the coolant sensor leak. I have a 2001 Hyundai Grandeur V6 , in the last few months , the abs and check engine light has been coming on at intervals , I took the car into a mechanical shop to check and they told me it came up with fault codes c1200 & c1611 re the abs and p0340 , p0335 and p1159 re the check engine , they said to notify them if they reappear , within a few days both reappeared at intervals , when the. I replaced the coolant temp sensor, and checked O2 sensors. This sensor tells the (PCM) the temperature of the air entering the intake manifold. The computer in every fuel-injected car must know two things before it can figure out the correct cold-start air/fuel mixture: the engine coolant temperature and the outside air temperature. 98 Sensor Trim tab sensor is not working. The idea is to warm up the throttle body to prevent icing in cold weather. They send a signal to the gauges so you can monitor engine temperature, they tell the radiator fans when to kick on or off, and they let the ECU know how warm the engine is so that it can fine-tune the fuel delivery to give you maximum performance as well as fuel efficiency. The onboard diagnostic (OBD) code P0118 is an Engine Coolant Temperature Circuit – High Input malfunction. Where is the coolant level sensor and how to fix or replace it on a Mercury Sable?? The coolant sensor is located in the coolant reservoir bottle. The "LOW COOLANT" light is constantly on in my 1993 Trans Am. Overseas customers should validate the coolant level sensor plug is the same as the female pigtail provided by the pictures shown below before ordering if for an Ampera. This is easily. 1985-1989 COOLING FAN SWITCH INSTALLATION. 0 PowerStroke engine may exhibit coolant loss, low coolant, or coolant blowing out of the degas bottle. Having the reservoir out of the car and measuring the resistance then turning it upside down and measuring it again should result in readings similar to a toggle switch, micro switch, etc. What could be better than a high-quality Toyota Tundra Coolant Bypass Line offered with an amazing low price guarantee? Oxygen Sensor Circuit Low Voltage (Bank 1. No worries with loosing coolant cause you have on the drain hose and the coolant cap. Ambient air sensor. I also have a water in fuel alarm, they do drive me crazy with the beeper and red light when I start up. Remove the two wire connector from the sensor. Getting the screw-in ring off was the easy part! I have had some long running coolant loss for the last month or two so this weekend I thought I'd go and pull the sensor out and (by sticking my finger in the opening and feeling around) I have left behind the float +magnet and some sort of black pla. 0L Engine by creating an account or signing into your AutoZone Rewards account. in (10 Nm) FIGURE H2. See Test 3 on page 88. after a few seconds you should get an active fault code for coolant temp. The sensor is integral to the bottle, so, I purchased a new bottle for. Now, in case you wondering if this test applies to your specific vehicle, this article covers the MAF sensor on 1996 thru' 2005 3. Set your DMM to the Ohms scale. The coolant level sensor is difficult to describe, but there's basically a magnetic "polo-mint" shaped float which moves up and down a hollow shaft. Just leave it disconnected,,it will change the code from low coolant level to a open circuit in coolant sensor bypassing shutdown,,and you should be able to get some place to get new one. Can anyone explain the the process of trouble shooting this? How does one ground out a sensor to bypass it? I have also heard there is a way to bypass this shutdown feature at the relay?. Replace your worn-out or faulty component with this quality replacement from WVE. 22 - Coolant sensor voltage low. Engine speed sensor. At any rate, the valve need not necessarily stop the flow altogether. Note that a low coolant level can affect this as well, if air pockets reach the temperature sender, the ECU can get false readings of engine temperature and alternate between cold and warm idle speeds. (coolant tank on top of engine) Tech only found the TSB as it was attached to the sensor part. Non‑Critical ‑ Service Engine Soon. This means that the thermostat regulates coolant flow both in to as well as out of the engine, while the bypass portion of the thermostat circuit supplies the water pump with a full flow of liquid coolant at all times. How To: FIx a leaking coolant bypass tube on a 3. These include the following: 1. I am in Canada, Ontario. 58) Find great deals on the latest styles of Bmw coolant level sensor. Once the engine reaches operating temperature, if the vehicle is turned off, then back on again, no low coolant warning comes on. When the coolant level drops below (some point) the sensor switch opens the circuit between A and B and the IPC sees the absence of a ground and flags the LOW COOLANT LEVEL message. Check coolant level. Be sure to check your owners manual to determine the correct type of fluid to add - for Jeeps, it will typically be in a section titled Fluid Capacities in the back of your manual. • If the coolant level is not visible in the degas bottle, add coolant as necessary, and proceed to Step 2. 8 engines are famous for coolant leaking from the intake. The coolant level was at the low line in the resivior tank but the sensor seems to be submerged when I pull it out. If the coolant falls to a particularly low level, it will trigger a Diagnostic Trouble Code (DTC), and show a "Service High-Voltage Charging System" warning on the dashboard display. Sometimes it will go away after turning the car off and staring it again, other times it will be on for a week. New coolant temp sensor will be green. Good call doing the coolant filter and bypass oil filter. my Check coolant level light comes on the car is not leaking antifreeze nor is it low on antifreeze. The H-frame down sensor was not contacted before the timeout period. This is one of the sensors in the Monte Carlo that you cannot reset manually. I ordered my replacement part from E-bay. Install the mounting bolts securing coolant line clips to the fuel filter module and oil/coolant filter module. When low engine power is required, the bypass allows air to enter the engine without passing through the supercharger. The sensor is actually an integrated part of the entire coolant reservoir. NPT Coolant Temperature Sensor Thread Size (in) and get Free Shipping on Orders Over $99 at Summit Racing!. Engine coolant temperature (ECT) sensor - low input: Coolant thermostat, wiring short to earth, ECT sensor Air filter bypass valve, bank 2 - short circuit to. If you're looking for another spot to get an accurate reading, put a tee in line at the No1 bypass or swap a sensor for the coolant drain cock on the passenger side of block. Everything goes through the ECM and BCM and resistance plays a major role. The four wires are; 02 sensor output, 02 sensor ground, 12 volt heater feed, and heater ground. Ambient air sensor. How do you jump the sensor. All options were considered without bias until the evaluation regarding technical feasibility, cost and human factors could be completed. On my wife's 95, there is an Engine Coolant Temp Sensor on the top left side of the water bypass tube.
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